About Mauritius (salient statistics and analysis) –Population, Health, Environment,Labour (Draft)
By: Bouzermaurice.com Company Ltd - Yellow Pages for Mauritius - Pages Jaunes ile Maurice; Date Added.: Feb 21, 2011; Category: ROOT
Economic Growth in 2010
According to CSO figures, GDP grew by 4.2% in 2010 which compares favourably with the 3.1% growth attained in 2009. Exclusive of sugar, the rate works out to 4.2% compared to 2.9% in 2009.
Forecast Growth for 2011
According to CSO, 'On the basis of information gathered on the key sectors of the economy and taking into consideration measures announced in the last budget, GDP is expected to grow by around 4.2% in 2011, at the same level as in 2010. Exclusive of sugar, the growth rate would be around 4.3 % compared to 4.2% in 2010'.
As at end of 2010, the Mauritian population (Republic) was 1,283,415 ie an increase of 5,564 persons or 0.4 per cent over the previous year. The population density of the population stood at 629 persons per square kilometer as at end of 2010. There were 632,787 males and 650,628 females in the Republic of Mauritius as at end of 2010.
Marriage and divorces
During the first semester of 2010 some 4,548 marriages were registered in the Republic of Mauritius ie a drop of 6.0 % over the number registered during the same period in 2009. CSO forecast the number of marriages for 2010 to be 10,095 resulting in a crude marriage rate of 15.8 as compared to 16.7 in 2009. CSO expected the number of marriages in 2010 for the Island of Mauritius to be 9,920 (rate of 16.0) and the Island of Rodrigues is 175 (rate of 9.2).
The number of year ly divorces has nearly doubled from 2000 to 2009 ie from 1191 to 2154.
Between 20014 and 2034, the share of persons aged above 65 years old is expected to increase from 8.1 % to 16.3 %. However, the group aged 15 to 59 years old will decrease from 66.1% to 59.8 %.
The fertility rate will go down from 2.0 to 1.5 from 2014 to 34. For the same period the divorce rate has increased from 2.0 to 3.4.
Health – Interesting Statistics (This part will be revised in the light of the Mauritius in Figures Report 2010 by the CSO)
Between 2000 and 2008, the number of deaths per 100,000 45-64 years old men increased from 1,314 to 1,336 while for women of the same aged group, the number of deaths decreased from 744 to 634. As at 2009 the life expectancy of men stood at 69.4 years and for women it was 76.3 years.
While the number of hospitals has remained the same between 2000 and 2008 ie 15 (including 2 health centres with beds in Rodrigues) the number of hospital beds has decreased from 3990 to 3675. Community Health Centres have however increased from 121 in 2000 to 127 in 2008. Private clinics have increased from 13 in 2000 to 19 in 2009.
The number of doctors per 1000 population has improved from 0.91 in 2000 to 1.17 in 2009. The number of dentists has also increased from 0.12 to 0.20 in 2009.
Most deaths are accounted for by Circulatory systems problems (34% of deaths in 2009 and deaths due to Diabetes mellitus has increased from 15 to 23 per cent.A significant increase in the number of pharmacists has been noted between 2000 and 2009 leaping from 247 to 386.
As of 2009, public expenditure on health was 9.1 per cent of total public expenditure and 2.2 per cent of GDP at market prices which constitutes an improvement from 2000 (2 per cent)
According to CSO, the net emissions of carbon dioxide increased by nearly 50 percent from 2000 to 2008 rising from 2227.6 to 3264 Greenhouse Gas emissions.
The lion’s share of carbon dioxide emissions from fossils fuels (Gg) was accounted for by energy industries with 1,185.4 in 2000 and 2,032.0 in 2008.
It was also interesting to note that Solide Waste landfilled (in tonne) has been increasing from 265,815 to 415,948.
There has been a drastic fall in the number of complaints received at the Dept of environment from 1906 in 2000 to 522 in 2009. Noise and solid waste complaints decreased from 555 to 123 and 586 to 136 respectively for the same period.
Analysis of Labour statistics (2009 figures, data sourced from Mauritius in Figures 2009, CSO Mauritius)
In 2009 our labour force (ie Mauritian population aged 16
years and above, and exclude foreign workers) was estimated at 566,300 persons (358,000 males and 208,000 females).The activity rate was of 59.1% as a whole, 76.1% for males and 42.6% for females. The number of Mauritians in employment was 524,800 (ie 342,300 males and 182,500 females) while the unemployment rate was at 7.3 per cent ie slightly higher than 2008 which was at 7.2 per cent.
Sectoral analysis of employment
A sectoral analysis of employment shows clearly that the Mauritian economy relies strongly on the Services sector for job creation. In 2009, 328,100 individuals were employed in the service sector, 171,300 in the manufacturing sector and 46,400 in the primary sector with only the Service sector experiencing growth (+10,000 people employed). The Trade, hotels and restaurant subsector account for more than a third of the total for the services sector.
Earnings in Mauritius
In 2009 the average nominal monthly earnings in Mauritian rupees was Rs 16,849 against only Rs 8,178 in 2000 that is more than the double of ten years ago.
Sectoral analysis of earnings
It is interesting to note that the Services sector not only provides more employment but also the highest average pay ie Rs 19,660 against Rs 11,704 for the secondary sector and Rs 12,426 for the primary sector. The subsector with the highest average earnings is Electricity and water supply with Rs 24,945 while the subsector with the lowest average earnings is Textiles with only Rs 8,274.